The right of work has a very recent history. It is in fact the son of the Industrial Revolution which is began in England in the second half of ' 700. During the Revolution a large mass of workers moved into industrial cities according to the needs of a new society that was in its dawn. The condition in which they were forced to earn their salary was precarious to say the least, no rules that could guarantee a secure and dignified life and furthermore it was aggravated by a strong absence of any form of protection, both physical and legal. This important and at the same time problematic change crossed, in different times, all over Europe. This one found himself into a new reality, and gave different answers in relation to the varied development reached by the States. However, although in different ways, it was created a real "work status", which guaranteed those social and civil rights that have made Europe a real democratic space.

This evolution took place in several stages, sometimes even suffering repercussions, and went on his way even in our decades.

Certainly the beginning of this process of change can be placed in a precise moment: the birth of a class consciousness, that is when the worker realizes that it is not alone but he is placed in a strong relationship with the other workers and, overcoming the ‘individualism’, seeks to address the problems with the others, joining in the early forms of organization. In this way were born the mutual aid societies and then the trade unions, with the task of protecting the workers, demanding appropriate salaries and conditions (like more acceptable working hours). Thanks to the strike, that is the collective abstention from work, and thanks to the collective bargaining between employers and representatives of trade unions, important results will be obtained in the early twentieth century, such as safety rules,  prohibition of child labor exploitation , regulation of shifts and working hours,  protection of the disease and a major concession of leave.

These suffered and important results will be endangered and even abolished in the years of totalitarianism, but fortunately reborn after the second World War in new constitutional liberal-democratic arrangements.

A development and enrichment of those traditions is represented by the Nice paper, the document that organically represents the will to make the European Union the place where desires and expectations can be realized. The charter lists the civil, political, economic and social rights of European citizens and also several new rights, but does not appear right to work. We believe that this change of perspective should not go unnoticed and it is necessary to reflect on its meaning, because it affects us as young people, and because we believe in Europe.

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Via dei Tigli SNC, 05019 Orvieto Scalo Province of Terni

 

lavorodunquesono@gmail.com

We are a group of students from Orvieto who participates in the European project "Ideas for Europe" with the aim of creating a site appropriate to help people to approach the world of work.

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